California Christian Tutorial

"Let no one despise your youth, but be an example to believers in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity."

Course Descriptions – 2016-2017 School Year


Note: Course descriptions and information marked "TBA" or "TBD" will be posted by the end of June.

All registration will be “mail in” using forms available on the website. Preferred registration for CCT families is April 12th – 26th. Registration for families not currently enrolled in CCT begins April 27th. Course placement will be offered to qualified students on a first come basis. CCT will notify you once your student has been placed in a course and will send a second notification once the class student quota has been reached. We expect several courses to fill up quickly.

Revised: April 4, 2016

Advanced Writing (1 Semester: Spring)

Friends enjoying time together ...

The goal of this course is to help students attain understanding and competency in writing a variety of essays, with emphasis on expository and persuasive essays, in preparation for college writing. Topics to be covered include the purposes for writing, the stages of the writing process, the structure of an essay. Emphasis will be place on how to organize material logically, how to prepare outlines, how to conduct research, and how to document sources. Issues with grammar and usage, punctuation, and mechanics will be dealt with as they arise.

Text: The Holt Handbook, 5th edition, Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell, Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1999. ISBN 0-15-507904-2.

Required Materials:

  • Text
  • 3-ring binder
  • loose leaf paper
  • blue or black ink pen
  • red pen
  • highlighter

Instructor: Peg Mehaffey

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Algebra 1

Early equations ...

In this course, students are introduced to the fundamentals of algebra. Topics include order of operations, the real number system, variables, first and second-degree equations inequalities in one and two variables, polynomials, systems of linear equations and inequalities, exponents and radicals, quadratic functions and equations, rational expressions, and word problems. Problem solving skills are honed as students gain knowledge of the fundamental rules of algebra.

In addition to regular classroom instruction, students will be provided with links to various websites containing explanations, practice problems, and videos. These online options will help reinforce the in-class lesson and enable students gain a better understanding of the covered material.

Note: This course is designed for students in grades 8-10. There is a required placement test (available below) to make certain students have the skills needed to succeed in the course. In the event your student does not pass the test, your course fee will be fully refunded.

Download the exam here: Algebra I Readiness Test

Materials: Three-ring binder with paper and dividers, graphing calculator, pencils

Text: PRENTICE HALL MATHEMATICS: ALGEBRA I, Johnson, Kennedy, Thompson, Charles, Bass, Bellman, Handlin, Davison, Landau, McCraken, Bragg (c) 2004, ISBN 0-13-052316-X.

Instructor: Sherri Hastings

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American Government (1 Semester - Fall)

On the timeline ...

This one-semester course covers the foundations of the Constitution and the government that it established. With a detailed study of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, students will learn about the rights and privileges guaranteed by these documents, as well as the opportunities and responsibilities that citizens have to the government. The focus will be on limited government and the checks and balances constructed by our Founding Fathers. The course will explore the three branches of government and explain federal government processes and procedures. This instruction will include the federal government’s relationship to state and local governments. Knowledge of currents events and classroom discussion are encouraged.

Note: This course is designed for students in grades 10-12.

Text: A Beka American Government, Third Edition.

Instructor: Beth Ensminger

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American Literature

This class explores literature from the Native Americans to the Post Modern Period (1980). The class will learn to discover elements of style as well as recurring themes in American literature. Activities include discussion, imitation, analysis, essays, oral presentations, projects, and tests. Students will read approximately 75 pages per week and generally have 1 written assignment per week. Throughout the year students are expected to memorize the authors presented in each period and each author’s famous work, style and theme.

Texts: Prentice Hall Literature: American Experience
ISBN: 0-13-698614-5

American Literature Handbook, by Cindy Herndon (I will order a copy for each student enrolled to be distributed at Back to School Night. Cost - $20)

American Literature Flashcards: Available from Cindy Herndon - $5

  • The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Adventures of Huck Finn, Mark Twain
  • The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway

These books are to be read over the summer for plot. We will reread these books together in class for theme, symbols, and style.

Instructor: Cindy Herndon

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American Novels

Learning from the great writers ...

The novels listed below are summer reading. That means the students will be aware of the basic plot and the characters in each work. The students will RE-READ each work as discussion begins looking for other elements of style, such as symbols, use of color, figurative language, etc. Students will read and respond to literary criticisms available through the library data bases.

This class is a thinking class. It is not a lecture-based course. Students will be asked to make connections between works, imitate style, create projects reflecting the theme, find critical essays, and synthesize the novels to American culture. This is an advanced level class requiring an advanced level of maturity due to the mature nature in some of the works. I think this is an excellent preparatory class for college level literature classes. 

Grading: Students are graded on effort as much as ability. Since this is the first thinking course that some students have taken, I allow students to explore various avenues without the fear of failing. Effort is the key. I find it easy to tell when students have waited till the last minute and dashed off an assignment. I do not have a cache of knowledge that I expect students to memorize. Instead, they need to think. I do give a semester exam and a final essay exam that incorporates all the works studied.

Texts (Summer reading and in course texts):

  • Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck
  • The Chosen, Chaim Potok
  • Ethan Frome, Edith Wharton
  • Dandelion Wine, Ray Bradbury
  • Member of the Wedding, Carson McCullers
  • Their Eyes Were Watching God, Zora Neale Hurston

All of the novels should be read during the preceding summer for plot and characters. During the course, paper copies of each text will be required for class activities.

Instructor: Cindy Herndon

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Art (1 Semester: Fall or Spring)

Student paints lighthouse from photograph ...

This is a hands on class that requires students to engage their creativity and have fun. The ultimate goal of this class is to teach students how to construct a composition that brings their imaginative ideas to life.

Suitable for all ages.

Homework: Some home-based study may be assigned from time to time.

Texts: None

Materials/Supplies: all supplies can be found at Michael’s

  1. Bristol paper pad (11" x 14")
  2. Small spiral bound sketchbook (5.5" x 8.5")
  3. Kneaded eraser and rubber eraser
  4. Blending tortillons
  5. Set of colored pencils (at least 12 ct.)
  6. Complete set of graphite drawing pencils (12 ct. ranging 8B to 8H)
  7. Set of charcoal pencils (including white charcoal)
  8. Set of conté pencils
  9. Gray tinted charcoal paper
  10. Tan tinted conté paper
  11. Tracing paper pad (11" x 14")

All supplies can be found and purchased at Michael's.

Materials Fee: $15 to offset cost of oil paints/palettes/brushes provided in class.

Instructor: Alyssa Briggs

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Biology with Lab

Students work hard on a Biology dissection...

This college-prep biology course provides a detailed introduction to the methods and concepts of general biology. Heavily emphasizing the vocabulary of biology, it provides the student with a strong background in the scientific method, the five-kingdom classification scheme, microscopy, biochemistry, cellular biology, molecular and Mendelian genetics, evolution, dissection, and ecosystems. It also provides a complete survey of the five kingdoms in creation. Students who take and understand this course will be very well-prepared for a tough university biology course.

CCT will provide microscopes and slides. Instructor will coordinate a class order for dissection materials.

Text: Exploring Creation with Biology, 2nd Edition Apologia Ministries ISBN: 1-932012-57-5. Be sure to obtain both textbook and test & solutions manual.

Class Fee: $15 to offset cost of consumable supplies provided in class.


  • Text plus Test & Solutions Manual
  • Four Lab Specimens (worm, crayfish, perch, & frog)
  • Dissection pan and tools

A group order for the Lab Specimen and Dissection Kits will be placed in early August or you may obtain your own.

Instructor: Cathy Eastburg

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Chemistry with Lab

Students work together in Chemistry Lab...

The chemistry course by Apologia is designed to prepare high school students for college chemistry. The 16 modules cover measurement and units, atoms and molecules, classifying matter and its changes, chemical equations, atomic and molecular structure, polyatomic ions, molecular geometry, acids and bases, solutions, gas phase, kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, energy and heat, and reduction-oxidation reactions. The text is well-written in a conversational tone and is easy to understand. The class is conducted in a lecture format with some instructional demonstrations performed by the teacher. Students will also perform some experiments themselves and will be required to keep a lab notebook to record their lab experiences. Tests are given at the end of each module. Students must have completed Algebra 1.

Texts: Exploring Creation with Chemistry, 2nd Edition; Apologia
ISBN 978 1932012293. This is a textbook and test / solutions manual.

Class Fee: $15 to offset cost of consumable supplies provided in class.

Note: Due to the significant amount of math in this course, all students must have passed Algebra 1 with an 80% or higher. Ideally, students should have already taken Algebra 2 or they should be taking it at the same time as this course. Prospective students must take a short exam prior to being accepted into this course.

Download the exam here: Chemistry Readiness Test

Exam results will be emailed and you may then register for this course.

Instructor: Maria Matthias

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Economics (1 Semester - Spring)

This one-semester course covers work, finances, and stewardship from a Biblical perspective. Beginning with a survey of the history of economics, students will then study the roles of individual consumers, producers, and the government, in addition to the choices of societies in the areas of production, distribution, consumption of goods. This course explains the economic principles of supply and demand, competition, inflation, and saving. Students will explore the links between economic freedom and political and individual freedom. This course will also focus on how free-enterprise capitalism should be coupled with moral responsibility with money. Students will learn principles to make informed money-management decisions.

Note: This course is designed for students in grades 10-12.

Text: A Beka Economics: Work and Prosperity, Third Edition.

Instructor: Beth Ensminger

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Elements of Literature & Composition

Cindy Herndon teaches Literature & Composition.

This course lays a foundation for analyzing literature and for writing effectively. The literature is presented in a genre approach. We start with short stories and examine setting, plot, conflict, point of view, irony, suspense, and symbols. After mastering short story analysis, the class will discuss To Kill a Mockingbird. Drama follows with The Miracle Worker and Romeo and Juliet, both of which are in the text. The plays are read aloud and analyzed for symbols, foreshadowing, irony, figurative language, and classic elements. Prose is the third unit covered with a look at essays, journals, speeches, biographies, and commentaries. Students imitate many of the subjects presented in the prose unit. The final unit is poetry. We not only look at form, but also figurative language, musical devices, and imagery. This unit culminates in a project requiring identifying the terms studied and writing original poetry.

The second aspect of this course is learning to write and punctuate complex sentences and to build effective paragraphs. The four types of connectives are covered and students memorize all the connectives. Students will apply the learned rules to essays written in various modes of discourse: narration, description, comparison, contrast, cause and result, condition, persuasion, etc. Some writing assignments are imitations of what was studied in literature.

Composition Handbook by Cindy Herndon (I will order a copy for each student enrolled, to be distributed at Back to School Night Cost: $27.00)

Prentice Hall Literature GOLD ISBN: 0-13-698556-4 (This book available from and for under $10.)

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee (any edition is fine)

Connective Flashcards: Available on Back to School Night - $5

Instructor: Cindy Herndon

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English 6-8 (Middle School English)

Middle School students will learn the fundamentals of the English language and literature. Students will grow in their appreciation for a variety of forms of literary works, including short stories, poetry, essays, and dramas, responding to their readings in a journal. They will examine and practice the modes of writing, e.g., narration, description, exposition, and persuasion, in composing paragraphs, essays, and stories. Students will write a minimum of 4 formal essays plus a research paper in the spring semester. Instruction in standard usage and vocabulary development will support the students’ writing.

Students are encouraged to take Middle School English for two years in sequence. The texts are rotated so that specific material is new each year. Taking this English class each year of middle school provides the student with much needed practice in writing well and with exposure and review of literary concepts and terms and grammar and usage.

Note: This course is designed for 6th, 7th and 8th grade students.

Text: The Language of Literature, 8th grade, McDougal Littell Inc., 1997. ISBN 0-395-73703-6

Required Materials:

  • 3-ring binder
  • loose leaf paper
  • 5 dividers
  • 1 notebook (spiral bound or composition book)
  • highlighter
  • blue or black ink pen
  • 3” x 5” notecards

Instructor: Peg Mehaffey

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The structure of the physical world around us will be described and analyzed using theorems, definitions, and postulates. Problems will be solved using coordinate geometry, constructions, and/or algebraic techniques. The major topics of study include parallelism, congruent triangles, polygons, similarity, circles, transformations, and planar and space measurement. Students will explore two and three-dimensional shapes (and their properties) as well as developing logical thinking skills and using algebra in the physical world. Minimum course requirement is Algebra 1.

Text: Geometry: Seeing, Doing and Understanding Harold Jacobs, Third Edition. As well as Answers to Exercises for Geometry: Seeing, Doing, And Understanding.

Students will need:

  • Scientific calculator
  • Geometry Tools: Compass, Protractor, Ruler
  • Graph paper
  • Pencils

Instructor: Sherri Hastings

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Health (1 Semester - Spring)

CCT Greek

This one-semester course integrates spiritual and moral truths, encouraging students toward wellness and helping them reach the potential God intends for them in their spiritual, mental, emotional, and physical character. Topics include nutrition, diseases, body care, stress, anxiety, relationships, addictions, abuse, eating disorders, depression, peer pressure, and training in spiritual disciplines. Instruction will balance appropriate scriptural principles and physical health, while emphasizing parental involvement in applying knowledge learned. “We are body, mind, and spirit, and we cannot be truly healthy or happy unless we follow the laws of God who made us.” (Boe)

Text: Total Health: Choices for a Winning Lifestyle (Any Edition), by Susan Boe

Class Fee: $15 to offset cost of consumable supplies provided in class.


  • text
  • Bible
  • notebook

Instructor: Tina Prevatt

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Marine Biology with Lab

Marine Biology Lab ...

This course concentrates on marine wildlife and marine habitats. It provides a survey of members of each biological kingdom that live in marine environments. Students will learn about the microscopic organisms that make life in the ocean possible, including details about their interesting habits and life cycles. Students will also study the anatomy of many macroscopic marine creatures such as clams, starfish, and sharks. They will then learn how these creatures and their physical surroundings form marine ecosystems such as intertidal zones, estuaries, coral reefs, continental shelf communities, epipelagic communities, and deep-ocean communities. The course ends with a study of marine resources and our relationship with the sea. There will be dissections, microscope work, student presentations, case studies, field trips, and possibly guest speakers. In order to take this course, students must have completed a first year biology course, preferably Exploring Creation with Biology.

Required Texts: Apologia Exploring Creation with Marine Biology 2-Book Set (text and solutions/test manual)
ISBN 978-1-932012-60-6.

Materials: Three-ring binder with paper and dividers.

Class Fee: $15 to offset cost of consumable supplies provided in class.

A group order for dissection specimens will be placed in August. The cost will be determined based on the number of students.

Instructor: Sherri Hastings

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MS Office (and more) Applications Course

Universities as well as the vast majority of occupations assume that you have a basic knowledge of the Microsoft Office Suite. Being able to produce documents, logical spreadsheets, and engaging Power Point presentations is an essential part of student and career success.

Learning goals for this one semester class:

  • Word: basic formatting, styles, tables, page numbering, header and footer, annotations for papers and creating a PDF
  • Excel: formulas, formatting, graphs
  • Powerpoint: how to create visually appealing slides and deliver presentations using Power Point (public speaking component)
  • Cloud Apps: Google Drive and DropBox

Note:While not required it would enhance learning to attend class with a laptop with charging cable (PC or Mac) that has MSOffice or LibreOffice installed. (The instructor will have a few available for class use, please contact beforehand to arrange if needed.)

Instructor: Michelle Rioux

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Personal Finance (1 Semester - Fall)

We will be using Dave Ramsey’s Foundations in Personal Finance – High School Edition. This video-based course covers all of the basics teens need to know in order to take control of their money and avoid big financial mistakes. Topics covered include saving, budgeting, debt, life after high school, consumer awareness, bargain shopping, investing and retirement, insurance, money and relationships, careers and taxes, and giving. We’ll discuss financing college, buying a car, getting a job, investing for retirement and other needs, and filling out tax forms. This is the type of class that every student should have before heading out into the “real world.” There will be worksheets and tests assigned.

Text: Foundations in Personal Finance: Home School Student Text. ISBN-13: 9781936948192

Instructor: Sherri Hastings

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Physical Science with Lab

Science students learn usefulness of soap ...

This Apologia course covers topics such as the atmosphere and hydrosphere, weather, the structure of the earth, environmentalism, the physics of motion, Newton’s Laws, gravity, and astrophysics.

Students will be required to read the assigned text prior to coming to class each week. Experiments will be performed in class to assist with understanding and mastery. Students in grades 8-12 may take this course for high school credit.

Required Text: Exploring Creation with Physical Science 2nd Edition; Apologia Ministries. The textbook and solutions/test manual. (ISBN: 978-1-932012-80-4)

Class Fee: $15 to offset cost of consumable supplies provided in class.

Instructor: Maria Mathias

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Physics with Lab

Maria Matthias and students work a physics experiment

This Bible-centered, college-prep physics course offers a detailed introduction to the methods and concepts of general physics, heavily emphasizing vector analysis. This course will provide the student with a strong background in one-dimensional and two-dimensional motion, Newton’s laws and their application, gravity, work and energy, momentum, periodic motion, waves, optics, electrostatics, electrodynamics, electrical circuits, and magnetism. This course is designed for the student who has completed algebra and has had an introduction to the definitions of sine, cosine, and tangent.

Prerequisites: Algebra 1, Geometry

Required Texts: Exploring Creation with Physics, Second Edition; Apologia Ministries. The textbook and solutions/test manual.

Class Fee: $15 to offset cost of consumable supplies provided in class.

Instructor: Maria Matthias

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Public Speaking for the High School Student (Fall)

The ability to communicate effectively in front of a group has been identified as a key skill for achieving success in the workplace. Students in this one-semester course, to be offered in the fall, will acquire the tools for writing and delivering a speech effectively. Speech writing in this course will support the student’s experience in essay writing for informative and persuasive purposes. Designed for students in the 9th-12th grades, the class will require preparation and delivery of four speeches, as well as analysis of the speeches of others. Course requires a minimum of 7 students.

Text: The Art of Public Speaking, Lucas, Stephen E., Sixth Edition;
ISBN 0-07-039064-9
(Available for purchase on; several copies are available for rent from instructor for $5 for the semester.)

Instructor: Peg Mehaffey

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Spanish 1

Learning to communicate ...

Spanish 1 is designed to develop a student's ability to utilize basic Spanish in listening, speaking, reading and writing activities as well as to enhance his or her understanding of the Hispanic world and its culture and customs. Topics include greetings, personal description, weather and dates, number expressions, home life, school life, and leisure activities. Students in grades 8-12 may take the class for high school credit.

Text: Churros y chocolate by Scotts Foresman Press. Books may be rented for $10 from CCT.

Note: Spanish 1 class will be 90 minutes in duration.
Spanish 1 and Spanish 2 alternate the years offered.
Next year, CCT will offer Spanish 2.

Instructor: Brenda Cavallaro

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Spanish 3

Students will continue to develop and expand the building blocks they acquired in Spanish 1 and 2. Students will expand their vocabulary, cultural knowledge, and grammatical structures. Emphasis will be placed on listening, speaking, reading, and writing Spanish. Students will also begin to read passages from a Spanish Bible.

Note: This class will be 90 minutes duration, but with a reduced course fee equivalent to 65 minutes ($210) since it will be conducted in tutoring format.

Prerequisite: Spanish 1 and 2

Instructor: Brenda Cavallaro

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STEM Careers - Around the Centrifuge (1 Semester - Spring)

What is STEM? Science Technology Engineering and Math.
Why is it important to us? Over 20% of jobs in the United States require an in depth knowledge of ONE of these topics while many require additional understanding of more than one topic covered by STEM. In addition to the college bound careers, over 50% of jobs that do NOT require a college education require an understanding of more than one STEM category.

In this one semester course we will go over a variety of STEM careers: Biomedical Engineering, Ecology, Meteorology, Actuarial science, Nursing, Dietetics, Robotics, Conservation Scientists, Welding, Metallurgy and many many more. We consider these career paths, plus discuss benefits, time investment, and requirements. There will also be opportunities for outside of class (optional) field trips to workplaces and sites that highlight and use these skill sets.

Instructor: Michelle Rioux

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Vocal Ensemble with a Flare of Theater

Students learning from Mrs. Henshaw ...

Anyone can learn to sing! But like any sport, it takes a positive attitude, hard work, and dedication. Join us for a fun semester of rigorous vocal Ensemble training, as we work together on a variety of musical selections, culminating in at least one performance a semester. Students will have the opportunity to sing both a capella selections, as well as those written with accompaniment. Body alignment, breathing, tone production, and resonance will be taught, as well as the importance of listening to one another in order to create a beautiful, touching blend. Basic Music theory and sight- reading skills will be interspersed throughout the program as we take on the challenge of mastering these vocal selections. Also interspersed throughout the program will be elements of theatrical presentation, focusing on character analysis, expression, and interpretation. Students wil have the opportunity to present scene work to the classroom, and though the course will focus primarily on vocal Ensemble work, there will be plenty of time to learn and grow in the field of Theatre!

Note: There will be a $20 music fee per semester.

Instructor: Wendy Podsednik

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Voice Lessons - Private

Private vocal instruction for students of all ages and vocal ability, tailored to the individual needs and aspirations of each student. Students will learn to control their voices with freedom and ease, creating a warm, natural tone, capable of adapting to many musical styles and genres. Vocal placement, phrasing, and dynamics, as well as posture and performance techniques will be taught through the use of art songs, sacred repertoire, musical theatre selections, and modern repertoire. Students will learn to identify, strengthen, and expand their vocal range through selections taken from The Royal Conservatory of Music, Italian Art Song and Aria books, Solo repertoire books specific to each voice type, Musical Theatre Anthologies, and independent selections. The student will learn how to communicate the message and mood of the selection, approaching each piece as an opportunity to minister to our audience, striving toward musical excellence, but at the same time accepting the human element of our voices. Students will primarily sing with accompaniment CD's during lesson times, and Mrs. Podsednik will encourage students to take time each day to rehearse techniques and selections introduced in each lesson.

  • Practice time = progress
  • Students may sign up for the fall session
  • Students will be accepted in the spring semester, based upon availability
  • Students may choose between a 30 or 45 minute session

Fee: Students will pay a monthly fee for one lesson per week.

  • $25 a half hour session each week - totaling $100 a month for a four week month, and
    $125 a month for a five week month
  • $37.50 per 45 minute session each week - totaling $150 a month for a four week month and
    $187 a month for a five week month

Music Fee: As required or preferred. Some materials will be included in the course fee. Lesson time will be scheduled on a first come, first serve basis.

Note: Students taking private voice lessons may take Ensemble free of charge.

Instructor: Wendy Podsednik

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